When you were a kid, had you ever been to a pond? Where you’d be playing in the water and see a few tadpoles you wanted to catch and show them to your parents. It must have been fun to play with the tadpoles that you even named them and kept them as a pet. But do you know why these little critters, such as the tadpole, are attracted to this type of environment?
Ponds are fascinating aquatic habitats that are home to a variety of wildlife including frogs, toads, newts, and dragonflies. Moreover, it has everything necessary to support a variety of life, including aquatic plants, invertebrates, as well as bathing areas for birds, and a watering hole for hedgehogs.
As such, a pond brimming with biodiversity serves as an important habitat for countless species while also providing food and water to preserve healthy populations— affecting the majority of the species on which these creatures are closely dependent on. To know more, here are some of the animals that live in ponds, or live close by:
Depending on where you live, there is a wide variety of fish that live in outdoor ponds and the most common species found include largemouth bass, bluegill, and channel catfish.
Many small birds come to visit parks and small gardens in our backyard to use small ponds to drink and bathe. You might even encounter wetland birds or waterfowl if you particularly have a large pond. Especially if these areas have low-hanging branches, shallow platforms, sloping sides, and platforms in the center of the pond. Ducks, however, differ since swimming in the pond keeps their feathers healthy.
Aquatic insects are an important component of a healthy water environment, and the presence of these insects can reveal a lot about how healthy or diseased a pond is. Here, we will cover the insects that are found near ponds but don’t necessarily live in the water. In fact, a variety of flying invertebrates can be attracted to your garden pond, including Dragonfly, Damselfly, Mayfly, Alderfly, and Caddisfly.
The most common mammals that live near ponds are beavers, muskrats, and moles, and their similar traits are making their living near wet areas, primarily for food.
Have you ever wondered why reptiles choose to live near water? It’s because reptiles developed thick, scaly skin that helps them preserve moisture inside their bodies, which is an important characteristic that allows them to thrive not only on land but also in dry, desert areas as well. Some reptiles, in fact, are so dependent on ponds and other water sources that they would struggle to survive without them.
Frogs and other amphibians are frequent and much-loved visitors to our garden ponds. The common frog, in particular, is a frequent visitor to our garden ponds, and many of us love seeing their life cycle unfold, from spawn to tadpole to fully mature frog. Other amphibians that you might be lucky enough to find in your pond include toads, palmate newt, smooth newt, great crested newt.
Invertebrates are home to a huge variety of interesting creatures that come in all sorts of shapes and sizes. Some of them only like very clean water, while others are less picky. Many eat algae and plants, while some are carnivorous and survive by eating other small animals. Pond-skaters, water snails, leeches and worms, water beetles, water boatmen, freshwater mussels, and larvae are some of the more likely suspects you’ll find in your ponds.